Consequentialist normative principles require that we first tally both the good and bad consequences of an action. Unfortunately, there are perhaps hundreds of rival normative principles from which to choose, many of which yield opposite conclusions.
In this way they accuse Virtue Ethics as being nothing more than moral relativism. The first two principles, personal benefit and social benefit, are consequentialist since they appeal to the consequences of an action as it affects the individual or society.
It also grew out of an objection to the use of rigid moral rules and principles and their application to diverse and different moral situations. To understand its role in virtue ethics we look to Aristotle's function argument.
It bases morality on the consequences of human actions and not on the actions themselves. She also makes use of the Nietzschean ideas of creativity and expression to show how different modes of acknowledgement are appropriate to the virtues.
Particularly good on the distinction between aretaic and deontic.
First, we could no longer say that the customs of other societies are morally inferior to our own. Cambridge University Press, If I have too much courage I develop the disposition of rashness which is also a vice.
The second requirement for an issue to be an applied ethical issue is that it must be a distinctly moral issue. We need a distinctly emotional reaction in order to make a moral pronouncement. Moore proposed ideal utilitarianism, which involves tallying any consequence that we intuitively recognize as good or bad and not simply as pleasurable or painful.
Baier focuses more broadly on the reasoning and argumentation process that takes place when making moral choices. Like Aristotle, Hursthouse argues that the characteristic way of human beings is the rational way: On this model, the agent becomes part of the situation and acts caringly within that context.
Differences are based on at least three ideas: Concerning our duties towards oneself, these are also of two sorts: The most dramatic example of this view is Platowho was inspired by the field of mathematics. Second, he uses the information entrusted to him to benefit himself and Rajaratnam.
This approach to ethics underscores the networked aspects of society and emphasizes respect and compassion for others, especially those who are more vulnerable.
A more common objection that modern philosophers use is that what may be considered a virtue in one society may not be considered a virtue in another. Suggestions include tighter government regulations, better systems and processes in financial institutions, enhanced corporate governance, and increasing the awareness of customers.
Issues in Applied Ethics As noted, there are many controversial issues discussed by ethicists today, some of which will be briefly mentioned here. There are a variety of human traits that we find admirable, such as benevolence, kindness, compassion, etc. Aristotle also believes we learn virtue by doing the right things constantly until we are habituated.
The Ethics of Virtue There were three philosophers that approached ethics by asking what is a good man, what makes someone to become virtuous and what traits of character make one a good person?
The first is individual relativism, which holds that individual people create their own moral standards. Courage is sometimes said to be a military virtue because it help the soldiers accomplish their task. Ethics is sometimes conflated or confused with other ways of making choices, including religion, law or morality.
God informs humans of these commands by implanting us with moral intuitions or revealing these commands in scripture. · The general concept behind virtue ethics is that it looks into what the individual should choose to be rather than depending on the external factors to change a person.
People have the power to choose what they ought to be rather than depend solely such as lietuvosstumbrai.com://lietuvosstumbrai.com · Kirsten Ainley Virtue Ethics Book section the usual shorthand, as they reject the value of theory in the study and practice of ethics), argue that character, practical reason and human flourishing are central to ethics – that moral evaluations could be separated from a robust and shared concept of the ‘good’, in terms of human lietuvosstumbrai.com ethics_author_ lietuvosstumbrai.com · Virtue Ethics Strengths Weaknesses Happiness – Virtue Ethics brings happiness for individuals and society.
Ben Franklin was a Utilitarian, but thought that the way to achieve the greater good was lietuvosstumbrai.com Aristotle distinguishes two kinds of virtue (a1–10): those that pertain to the part of the soul that engages in reasoning (virtues of mind or intellect), and those that pertain to the part of the soul that cannot itself reason but is nonetheless capable of following reason (ethical virtues, virtues of character).
· Abortion and Virtue Ethics Posted on May 22, by Justin Caouette According to Rosalind Hursthouse, an action is right (from a Virtue Ethical perspective) if and only if it is what the virtuous agent would do in the same lietuvosstumbrai.com://lietuvosstumbrai.com · SophiaOmni 1 lietuvosstumbrai.com Virtue Ethics and the Challenge of Relativity Tracy Kline One of the most interesting attempts in recent times to revive a theory of the virtues lietuvosstumbrai.comDownload