Pax Romanaa period of peace, civilisation and an efficient centralised government in the subject territories ended in the 3rd century, when a series of civil wars undermined Rome's economic and social strength.
Thus, much of the learning of classical antiquity was slowly reintroduced to European civilization in the centuries following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. Norse colonization of the Americas — The Norse colonization of the Americas began as early as the 10th century, when Norse sailors explored and settled areas of the North Atlantic, including the northeastern fringes of North America.
Jim Crow laws enforcing racial segregation in the U. New ideas and beliefs spread around Europe and were fostered by an increase in literacy due to a departure from solely religious texts. In the course of the 5th century BC, some of the Greek city states attempted to overthrow Persian rule in the Ionian Revoltwhich failed.
These localised hierarchies were based on the bond of common people to the land on which they worked, and to a lord, who would provide and administer both local law to settle disputes among the peasants, as well as protection from outside invaders.
Renaissance and reformation[ edit ] Main article: Orthodox Christian Christianity and the Nicene Creed served as a unifying force in Christian parts of Europe, and in some respects replaced or competed with the secular authorities.
In her left hand she holds a square, an implement for testing or drawing right angles. This meant that in general more power and responsibilities were left to local lords. The empire was split into two halves: The polkathe square danceand the Irish step dance are very well known Western forms of folk dance.
They also developed a large amount of scientific knowledge themselves, as seen in their Coligny Calendar. The rediscovery of the Justinian Code in Western Europe early in the 10th century rekindled a passion for the discipline of law, which crossed many of the re-forming boundaries between East and West.
Age of Enlightenment — The period during which superstitions were rejected in favor of science and logictypically thought of as the dawn of modern science.
A doctor of philosophy of the University of Oxfordin full academic dress. In addition, Constantine officially shifted the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to the Greek town of Byzantium, which he renamed Nova Roma- it was later named Constantinople "City of Constantine".
When Emperor Constantine had reconquered Rome under the banner of the cross inhe soon afterwards issued the Edict of Milan in preceded by the Edict of Serdica indeclaring the legality of Christianity in the Roman Empire. Unlike under Roman rule, with its standard laws and military across the empire and its great bureaucracy to administer them and collect taxes, each lord although having obligations to a higher lord was largely sovereign in his domain.
Both Petronius ' Satyricon c. Romanesque architecture — Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of Medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches. Alexander the Great In Homeric literature, and right up until the time of Alexander the Greatfor example in the accounts of the Persian Wars of Greeks against Persians by Herodotuswe see the paradigm of a contrast between the West and East.
Swan lake pictured here, Zenaida Yanowsky as Odette The ballet is a distinctively Western form of performance dance.
Counter Reformation — the backlash to the Reformation by Catholicismresulting in a great deal of fighting, most notably the 30 Years War.
The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. Nicolaus Copernicus — Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance astronomer and the first person to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology which displaced the Earth from the center of the universe. Russo-Turkish War — — A short lived conflict over several territories in the Caucasusmost notably Armeniain reaction to a Turkish massacre of Armenians.
He made Ravenna a center of Romano-Greek culture of art and his court fostered a flowering of literature and philosophy in Latin. Justinian I The Medieval West was at its broadest the same as Christendom  including both the "Latin" West, also called "Frankish" during Charlemagne 's reign and the Orthodox Eastern part, where Greek remained the language of empire.
Mercantilism — Mercantilism is the economic doctrine in which government control of foreign trade is of paramount importance for ensuring the prosperity and military security of the state. She is most likely the personification of Geometry, based on Martianus Capella's famous book De Nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii [5th c.
Christianity would eventually emerge from the syncretism of Hellenic cultureRoman cultureand Second Temple Judaismgradually spreading across the Roman Empire and eclipsing its antecedents and influences.
Coinciding with the Age of Enlightenment was the scientific revolutionspearheaded by Newton.
Greek and Roman theatre are considered the antecedents of modern theatreand forms such as medieval theatrepassion playsmorality playsand Commedia dell'arte are considered highly influential. This included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water powerthe increasing use of steam powerand the development of machine tools.
Upon learning about enlightened views, some rulers met with intellectuals and tried to apply their reforms, such as allowing for toleration, or accepting multiple religions, in what became known as enlightened absolutism.
Ancient Greek sciencephilosophydemocracyarchitectureliteratureand art provided a foundation embraced and built upon by the Roman Empire as it swept up Europe, including the Hellenic World in its conquests in the 1st century BCE.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about to sometime between and Western culture – Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization or European civilization, is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, religious beliefs, political systems, and specific Cultural artifacts and technologies.
Major events, personalities and factors shaping development of Long Island from pre-Columbian past to present. Covers historical highlights in Nassau and Suffolk Counties in general and examines local towns and their contributions.
Course Summary History Western Civilization II has been evaluated and recommended for 3 semester hours and may be transferred to over 2, colleges and universities.
Western Civilization I 50 HIS History of Western Civilization to 3 Western Civilization II 50 HIS History of Western Civilization Since 3 Science & Mathematics. HIS 2 31 Western Civilization Since IC1 T 2CP 50 3 * The scores that appear in this sample are the credit-granting scores recommended by the American Council on Education (ACE) and accepted by.
HIS D7A History of Western Civilization I April 24, / in Course / by COURSE DESCRIPTION: Examines the development of western civilization from .Download