In this way acetylcholine can be recycles and reused and also is prevented from continuously generating new action potentials on the postsynaptic neuron. The sympathetic nervous system — Speeds up activities and thus allows us to cope with stressful situations fight or flight response The parasympathetic nervous system — Inhibits effects and slows down activities.
The myosin head now has a new ADP molecule that will allow it to bind with a new receptor site somewhere along the actin filament Muscle relaxation When the muscle is not being stimulated, the sarcoplasmic reticulum actively transport calcium ions back into it The lack of calcium ions means that tropomyosin can establish its original position, covering the myosin head binding sites Energy supply Energy is needed for the movement of myosin heads and the active transport of calcium ions ATP often needs to be generated anaerobically Phosphocreatine provides inorganic phosphate molecules to combine with ADP to form ATP Section Coordinator intermediate neuron 6.
In this way acetylcholine can be recycles and reused and also is prevented from continuously generating new action potentials on the postsynaptic neuron.
Can remove cell debris and are associated with nerve regeneration. Cardiac muscle which is found only in the heart Smooth muscle which is found in the walls of blood vessels Skeletal muscle which is attached to bone and is the only type of muscle under conscious control Muscles are made up of many muscle fibres called myofibrils If the cells of muscles were joined together from the end of one cell to another, the point between cells would be a point of weakness Because of this, the muscle cells are fused together into muscle fibres Cells of the same myofibrils share the same nuclei as well as cytoplasm sarcosplasm.
The number of impulses in a given time larger stimulus, more impulses per second Having neurons with different threshold values — depending on which neurons are sending impulses, and how frequently impulses are sent, the brain can interpret the strength of the stimulus Section At the cellular level they are complimented by chemical mediators.
They also affect blood pressure and neurotransmitters. This allows energy to be conserved. It is impossible for the brain to determine which rod cells were stimulate to begin with and so it is not possible to determine exactly the source of light This results in rod cells having a relatively poor visual acuity and so are not very effective in distinguishing between two points close together Cone cells There are three types of cone cells, each of which respond to a different avelength The colour interpreted depends of the proportion of each type of cone cell stimulated Cone cells are connected only to one bipolar cells, this means that they cannot combine to reach a threshold.
V ration Therefore mammals and birds in cold environments are relatively large Smaller extremities e. The shaded side of the root therefore grows faster, causing the shoot to bend towards the source of light IAA can also effect the bending of roots towards gravity.
A Few Points Raised By The Exam Boards Feedback The essay is designed to assess whether you can bring together material from a range of topics to illustrate and explain an important concept or idea.
The result is the secretion of chemicals by the target cells called neurotransmitters. A node via the sympathetic nervous system This results in an increase in heart rate which then causes blood pH to return to normal.
Acetylcholine diffuses across the cleft and fuses with receptor sites on sodium channels found on the presynaptic membrane. This type of hyperpolarisation inhibits the postsynaptic neuron from generating a new action potential.
The greater the diameter of the axon the greater the speed of conductance — due to less leakage of ions from the axon 3. This is called the sodium potassium pump.Specimen papers and mark schemes.
Teaching resources. Plan. 19 15 May Coursework deadline for A-level Biology (Non-exam assessment: Practical Endorsement) (/C) Schools and colleges may set their own internal deadlines; AQA is not responsible for the content of external sites.
AQA A2 Biology: Writing the Synoptic Essay by Dr Robert Mitchell CT Publications 2 AQA A2 Biology: Writing the synoptic essay ESSAY THE DIFFERENT WAYS IN WHICH ORGANISMS USE INORGANIC IONS Inorganic ions are charged particles that do 4/4(2).
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AQA A2 Biology 20 Sample Synoptic Essays - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.4/4(2). Assessment guides: essays We’ve created these essay resources to support your teaching of the new AS and A-level Biology specifications and help you prepare students for the essay in A-level Paper 3.
Complete lesson to prepare students for the Synoptic Essay AQA Biology A paper 3 for new AQA Biology syllabus.
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